"Recent genetic selection in the ancestral admixture of Puerto Ricans", "The Use of Mitochondrial DNA to Discover Pre-Columbian Migrations to the Caribbean: Results for Puerto Rico and Expectations for the Dominican Republic", "Catholic Church and Puerto Rico officials at odds in widening sex abuse investigation", "Religion in Puerto Rico – By Puerto Rico Channel", Institute of Islamic Information and Education: Number of Muslims and Percentage in Puerto Rico, Percent Puerto Rican population that are Muslims, "Saudi Aramco World : Muslims in the Caribbean", "The Jewish Palate: The Jews of Puerto Rico", "Taíno: Indigenous Caribbeans - Black History Month 2017", "American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010 (CPH-T-6)", "Population Estimates, Population Change, and Components of Change", "Central America and Caribbean :: PUERTO RICO", How Puerto Rico Became White: Racial analysis, 1930s Sterilization of One Third of Puerto Rican Women by the Chicago Women's Liberation Union, Puerto Ricans in the United States Space Program, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Puerto_Rico&oldid=991797344, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with failed verification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, American Indian and Alaska Native alone 11,775, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 129, Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,547,288, White alone, Not Hispanic or Latino 24,900, 7.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. Puerto Rico. A strong European immigration wave and large importation of slaves from Africa helped increase the population of Puerto Rico sixfold during the 19th century. It is common to find Puerto Rican people in all parts of the United States. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Starting in about 1840, there have been attempts to create a quasi-indigenous Taíno identity in rural areas of Puerto Rico. [44] "Ties between Latinos and Islam are more than just spiritual, but date back to Spanish history. SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- In Barrio Obrero Marina, a working class neighborhood of San Juan, the U.S. Census Bureau said that fewer than one in … Rank. Roman Catholics in Puerto Rico have many everyday objects scattered through their lives that have religious affiliation such as rosaries and carvings of the Virgin Mary. International historical statistics: the Americas, 1750–2000. [21], According to the 1920 Puerto Rico census, 2,505 individuals immigrated to Puerto Rico between 1910 and 1920. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. Numbers generally reflect the city population, rather than the urban areas, municipality, or urban agglomeration. Later that year, two hurricanes pounded the island killing several thousand. The Roman Catholic Church has been historically the most dominant religion of the majority of Puerto Ricans, with Puerto Rico having the first dioceses in the Americas. [38][39], In 2007, there were over 5,000 Muslims in Puerto Rico, representing about 0.13% of the population. Find data for this place. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. Many slaves also escaped to neighboring islands. Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 1M 2M 3M 4M. U.S. Immigration Policy was first restricted toward Chinese with the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, the Gentleman's Agreement of 1907 in which Japan voluntarily barred emigration to the United States and the Immigration Act of 1917 or the Asiatic Barred Zone which barred immigrants from all of the Middle East, the Steppes and the Orient, excluding the Philippines which was then a US Colony. [13] [42][43] Puerto Rican converts to Islam continue to occur. [45] And at times not just individuals, but whole families convert. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by Amerindian settlement, European colonization especially under the Spanish Empire, slavery and economic migration. The legal definition of Whiteness differed greatly from White Society's informal definition, thus Jews, Romani Peoples, Middle Eastern Peoples and those of the Indian Subcontinent were before 1917 classified as White for Immigration purposes but not considered White by the society at large. source: Government Development Bank for Puerto Rico 10Y 25Y 50Y [40][41] There are eight Islamic mosques spread throughout the island, with most Muslims living in Río Piedras. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … The first large group of Jews to settle in Puerto Rico were European refugees fleeing German–occupied Europe in the 1930s. Puerto Rico 2020 population is estimated at 2,860,853 people at mid year according to UN data. The total population in Puerto Rico was estimated at 3.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. [45] Islam was brought into Puerto Rico mainly via the Palestinian migration of the 1950s and '60s. The information in this article was updated on June 25th, 2020. It is the third oldest European-founded capital city in the American continents right after Panama City and Santo Domingo. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,839,923, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. In 2017 Puerto Rico was forced to declare bankruptcy after being unable to repay debts. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Puerto Rico had a population of 2.4 million people. 3,193,694 Population. Hum Gen (2004) 115: 57–58 Available at: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, National Register of Historic Places listings in Puerto Rico, "Puerto Rico Population History, 1765–2000", https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/, "Puerto Rico Virtual Jewish History Tour", "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics", "Vital Statistics Rapid Release - State and National Provisional Counts", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substanial [sic] Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico Human Biology – Find Articles". Puerto Rico’s population has been dwindling throughout the 21st century, and is now down to just about 3.2 million, according to the most recent U.S. Census data.. Unemployment has been increasing as a result and many citizens are leaving the island for the US mainland in hope for better opportunities. SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico — New Census Bureau data shows Puerto Rico lost nearly 4 percent of its population after Hurricane Maria — the greatest population … 56–191, 31 Stat. B.R. Although autosomal markers tests seem to draw a more broad picture than that of single, gender-based mtDNA and Y-Chromosome tests, the problem with autosomal DNA is in the archaic categories used: "European", "Sub-Saharan African", "East Asian" & "Native American". The Johnson-Reed act of 1924 applied only to the Eastern Hemisphere. 443,679 people. As of N/A, N/A% of Puerto Rico residents were born outside of the country (N/A people). 2010. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by initial Amerindian settlement, European colonization, slavery, economic migration, and Puerto Rico's status as unincorporated territory of the United States. Hurricane Maria in 2017 caused power outages over 90% of the area, in addition to destroying countless homes and causing widespread water contamination. The Spanish conquered the island, assuming government in 1508, colonized it, and assumed hegemony over the natives. The British ban on slavery resulted in slave raids on Puerto Rico. The Act imposed immigration quotas on Europe, which allowed for easy immigration from Northern and Western Europe, but almost excluded the Mediterranean and Slavic Nations. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Puerto Rico was estimated to be 3,658,607 people. [28][failed verification], In a study done on Puerto Rican women (of all races) born on the island but living in New York by Carolina Bonilla, Mark D. Shriver and Esteban Parra in 2004, the ancestry proportions corresponding to the three parental populations were found to be 53.3±2.8% European, 29.1±2.3% West African, and 17.6±2.4% Native American based on autosomal ancestry informative markers. [7][49], Taíno religious practices have been rediscovered/reinvented by a handful of advocates. [33] One Pope, John Paul II, visited Puerto Rico in October 1984. Update to date information about population of Puerto Rico in 2020. Months after the destruction, roughly 40% were still living in these conditions due to lack of funding and aid. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León f… In 1960 the census dropped the racial identification question for Puerto Rico but included it again in the year 2000. Manufacturing is the largest sector in Puerto Rico, producing pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and electronics. Puerto Ricans, excluding those of obvious African ancestry, were like most Hispanics formally classified as White under U.S. Law, but this classification did not prevent informal discrimination against them by Anglo-Americans. During the same 10-year period, 7,873 Puerto Ricans emigrated to the U.S. Of these, 6,561 were listed as "white" on the U.S mainland census, 909 as "Spanish white" and 403 as "black". This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. Puerto Rico is the only Caribbean island in which the Conservative, Reform and Orthodox Jewish movements are represented. The U.S. Supreme Court in the case United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898) declared that all nonwhites who were born in the United States were eligible for citizenship via the Citizenship Clause of the 14th Amendment. [32] This religion was brought by Spanish colonists. [46] Thus, today there is a strong Palestinian presence among Muslims in Puerto Rico. There are many religious beliefs represented in the island with Christianity as the religion indicated by the majority in 2010. They called the island Borikén (alternatively, Borinquén), which means "land of the valiant one" [5][4] and later Puerto Ricans called themselves boricua, borincano and borinqueño to embrace their indigenous identity. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.34M to 3.2M, a -4.26% decrease and its median household income grew from $19,343 to $20,296, a 4.93% increase. Puerto Rico's economic boom of the 1950s attracted a considerable number of Jewish families from the U.S. mainland, who were joined after 1959 by an influx of Jewish emigres from Fidel Castro's Cuba.[7]. [27] A recent study of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 800 individuals found that patrilineal input, as indicated by the Y-chromosome,[clarification needed] showed 66% of Puerto Ricans could trace their ancestry to male European ancestors, 18% could trace it to male African ancestors, and 16% could trace it to male Native American ancestors. 75.8%. The Paseo de Diego sits empty in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, April 17, 2019. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,860,853. The densely populated island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean sea with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and rainforest covering 3,515 square miles (9,104 square kilometers) of area, which would rank it 169th in the world in terms of size. Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. Protestantism was suppressed under the Spanish Catholic regime. Neither a date or a source for that information is provided and may not be recent.[35]. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico ’s population at 3,706,690. These generalized categories may not take into account the complexity of migratory patterns across the Old World. The second-largest city is Bayamon, which has 179,565 people and would be the 103rd largest city in America. In return, they had to profess fealty to the Spanish Crown. For example, Puerto Ricans now make up 21% of the Hispanic population of Florida, preparing to outnumber the Cuban population, which has historically been the largest group within Florida’s Hispanic population. The Naturalization Act of 1870, passed during Reconstruction, allowed for peoples of African descent to become U.S. Citizens but it excluded other nonwhites. Other major cities include Carolina (154,489), Ponce (140,859) and Caguas (129,604). 2,712,166 people. Puerto Rican Population in the States. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. The Puerto Rico population has steadily declined over the last decade from 3.8 million people. ... Population with veteran status. Puerto Rico. The real estate and tourism industries are also very strong. [6] In the 15th century, the Carib lived on nearby islands and periodically invaded Taíno villages.[4]. white. 77 but it wasn't until 1917 that Puerto Ricans were granted full American Citizenship under the Jones–Shafroth Act (Pub.L. Spanish men arrived on the island disproportionately to Spanish women; African and Taíno women would sometimes marry them, resulting in a mixed tri-racial ethnicity. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,831,765 as of Tuesday, November 17, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. Here, in order of Puerto Rican population, are the States with the 10 largest concentrations of Puerto Ricans. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. Many people do not realize that Muslims conquered Spain". The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table). [48] Some Puerto Ricans have converted, not only as individuals but as entire families. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). The population of Puerto Rico in 2017 was 3,163,667, a 3.64% decline from 2016. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 2019. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. The Western Hemisphere remained unrestricted to immigrate to the United States. 3,725,789. Puerto Rico’s population has been dwindling throughout the 21st century, and is now down to just about 3.2 million, according to the most recent U.S. Census data. [22], According to the 2015 Race and Hispanic Origin estimate (2011–2015 American Community Survey) published by the US Census Bureau, the data for Puerto Rico was as follows:[23], Puerto Ricans, on average, have genetic contributions from Europeans, West Africans, and Native Americans of approximately 66%, 18%, and 16%, respectively. Population. 951. The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018. 31. The people of Puerto Rico are mostly from a combination of backgrounds including European colonization, slavery, Amerindian settlement, and economic migration. These immigrants were allowed to settle on the island, with a certain amount of free land and enslaved persons granted to them. San Juan is the most highly populated municipality and the capitalof Puerto Rico with a population of about 395,326 people. Sometime between 400 B.C. "They are economically strong and are thus able to pay for a full-time Imaam". and A.D. 100, the Arawak group of Amerindians inhabited Puerto Rico. A recent report providing a full breakdown as to specific religions is not available; the most recent was for 2006. Puerto Rico’s native Taíno population—whose hunter-gatherer ancestors settled the island more than 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived—called it Borinquén, and referred to themselves as boricua (a term that is still used today).During his second expedition to the Indies in 1493, Christopher Columbus returned several Taíno captives to Borinquén and claimed the island for Spain, calling it San Juan Bautista. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. However, lack of Muslim education in the Island forces some Puerto Rican Muslims to migrate to the States. No major immigration wave occurred during the 20th century.[20]. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Puerto Rico is home to a population of 3.2M people, from which N/A% are citizens. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. [36] Protestantism increased under American sovereignty, making contemporary Puerto Rico more interconfessional than in previous centuries, although Catholicism continues to be the dominant religion. Africa and Asia were excluded altogether. The first census by the United States in 1899 reported a population of 953,243 inhabitants, 61.8% of them classified as white, 31.9% as mixed, and 6.3% as black. Various African religious practices have been present since the arrival of enslaved Africans. There are 2,340,474 adults in Puerto Rico. During the early 20th century Jews began to settle in Puerto Rico. Almost 3.2 million people live in Puerto Rico as of July 2018, showing a population decline of 14.3 percent since 2010. 2006–2008 Three Year Estimate. Population Pyramids: Puerto Rico - 1989. In particular, the Yoruba beliefs of Santería and/or Ifá, and the Kongo-derived Palo Mayombe (sometimes called an African belief system, but rather a way of Bantu lifestyle of Congo origin) find adherence among the few individuals who practice some form of African traditional religion. A landslide killed 129 people in 1985, and Hurricane George ravaged the area in 1998. The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. Puerto Rico’s recent population downturn reverses a general pattern of growth on the island since at least the 1700s, as documented by Spanish and U.S. Census Bureau data. In 2018, Puerto Rico had a population of 3.2M people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $20,296. black/African American. With 1,190,891 Puerto Rico residents, Florida has seen some real changes in its population. Religious breakdown in Puerto Rico (2010):[30]. Puerto Rico is one of the most densely populated areas of the United States and, as a result, there are quite a few other fairly large towns and cities on the island. The remaining population is a combination of people without religion, spiritual people that practice Santeria from Cuba, and Jews, and Muslims. The study also found that, from the women sampled, 98% had European ancestry markers, 87% had African ancestry markers, 84% had Native American ancestry markers, 5% showed only African and European markers, 4% showed mostly Native American and European markers, 2% showed only African markers, and 2% showed mostly European markers.[29]. Losses started around the beginning of the island’s economic recession in 2006 and have continued since then. All Topics Population Age and Sex Race and Hispanic Origin Population Characteristics Housing Families & Living Arrangements Computer and Internet Use Education Health Economy Transportation Income & Poverty Businesses Geography. Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3,193,694. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. European Jews and Romani, although of Asiatic Ancestry, were not affected by the Asiatic Barred Zone, as they held European Citizenship. In 2019 the natural increase was positive, as the number of … The total population in Puerto Rico was estimated at 3.2 million people in 2019, according to the latest census figures and projections from Trading Economics. The two official languages in Puerto Rico are Spanish and English. The ratio of males to females is 1.06, meaning that there are slightly more males. Increased emigration to the continental United States is also a factor, as people move to improve their economic prospects and sometimes – because Puerto Rico is a densely populated territory – to improve quality of life in other ways. Regardless of the precise terminology, the census reported that the bulk of the Puerto Rican population was white from 1899 to 2000. The largest age group is people 25-54, which make up 37.99% of the population, and the median age in the country is 42.2 years old. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) 3,424.2 square miles 932.7 people per square mile. Although the Jewish community is small, it is made up of three different forms: Orthodox, Reform, and Conservative. 12.4%. Losses started around the beginning of the island’s economic recession in 2006 and have continued since then. Population of American Indian in households in Puerto Rico ; Total Population: 19,427; Male Population: 9,429; Under 5 years: 567; 5 to 9 years: 707; 10 to 14 years: other … [50][citation needed] This trend accelerated among the Puerto Rican community in the mainland United States in the 1960s. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. 2006 changes in the United States tax system that took investment money out of the Caribbean coincided with a sharp downturn in the Puerto Rican economy. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. Urban Population Puerto Rico Urban vs. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Education, high school graduate or higher:[54], Demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico. Christianity also makes up an additional 8% of the population with the Protestant church. In the late 18th century, the number of African slaves began to dwindle on the island. All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, most of which are located at the town center or "plaza". Although the vast majority of settlers came from Spain, Catholics from France, Ireland, Italy and other European countries were also granted land by Spain as one of the provisions of the Real Cédula de Gracias de 1815 (Royal Decree of Graces of 1815). Population. Mitchell. The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. Starting in the post-World War II period waves of Puerto Ricans moved to the continental United States, particularly to New York City; Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, and Camden, New Jersey; Providence, Rhode Island; Springfield; Hartford and New Haven, Connecticut; Boston, Massachusetts; Orlando, Miami and Tampa, Florida; Philadelphia and Reading, Pennsylvania; Washington, D.C., Chicago and Los Angeles, California. The only category that remained constant over time was white, even as other racial labels shifted greatly—from "colored" to "Black", "mulatto" and "other". [16], In the late 1700s, Puerto Rico had laws like the Regla del Sacar or Gracias al Sacar where a person of mixed ancestry could be considered legally white so long as they could prove that at least one person per generation in the last four generations had also been legally white. Thus under the Immigration Act of 1924 all Hispanics and Caribbeans could immigrate to the United States, but a White family from Poland or Russia could not immigrate. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. There are a number of reasons for this decline including lower birth rates and lower death rates as the island becomes more prosperous. The total population of Puerto Rico is 3,195,153 as of 1-Jul-18 , which represents 0.04% of global population and ranks Puerto Rico # N/A worldwide. Recent estimates say that there are about 5.8 million Puerto Ricans living in the States, compared with 3.2 million on the Island. Currently, 100% of the population of Puerto Rico is urban (2,933,408 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. Puerto Ricans are not evenly distributed across the nation, however. Puerto Rico Community Survey;Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race. The first Protestant church, Iglesia de la Santísima Trinidad, was established in Ponce by the Anglican Diocese of Antigua in 1872. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. ), This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 21:41. This is a decrease of -0.14 % (-5,239 people) compared to population of 3,663,846 the year before. The Taíno population dwindled due to disease, tribal warfare, and forced labor, so the Spanish began importing large numbers of slaves from Africa. Therefore, people of mixed ancestry with known white lineage were classified as white, the opposite of the "one-drop rule" in the United States. The federal Naturalization Act, signed into law on March 26, 1790, by President Washington stated that immigrants to the United States had to be White according to the definition under the British Common Law, which the United States inherited. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. Around A.D. 600, the Arawaks no longer lived on the island, perhaps because they had integrated with another culture or perhaps because they had been killed by illness. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. Census data: ACS 2019 1-year unless noted. "Asian" (South, North or East) & "North African" are not included. Of these, 2,270 were classified as "white" in the 1920 census (1,205 from Spain, 280 from Venezuela, 180 from Cuba, and 135 from the Dominican Republic). It is, by some considerable distance, the largest US territory - the next largest being Guam with a population of 159,358. 2019. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. In 2005 a fugitive rebel leader that was pro-independence, Filberto Ojeda Pios, was killed by US federal agents, and the way the US treated innocent civilians caused unrest on the island. Emigration has been a major part of Puerto Rico's recent history as well. For example, the Holy Trinity Anglican church in Ponce, was prevented from ringing its bell until 1898, when American troops landed there. The first dioceses in the Americas, including that of Puerto Rico, were authorized by Pope Julius II in 1511. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017.

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