2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. Puerto Ricans of African heritage makes up the second-largest ethnic group in Puerto Rico, accounting for 12.4% of the total population. The information in this article was updated on June 25th, 2020. 443,679 people. As of 2019, the population was 3,654,474, giving it a population density of 1,040 people per square mile (401 people per square kilometer), which ranks 24th in the world in this regard. Population. [48] Some Puerto Ricans have converted, not only as individuals but as entire families. Although the vast majority of settlers came from Spain, Catholics from France, Ireland, Italy and other European countries were also granted land by Spain as one of the provisions of the Real Cédula de Gracias de 1815 (Royal Decree of Graces of 1815). The first large group of Jews to settle in Puerto Rico were European refugees fleeing German–occupied Europe in the 1930s. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. A strong European immigration wave and large importation of slaves from Africa helped increase the population of Puerto Rico sixfold during the 19th century. The federal Naturalization Act, signed into law on March 26, 1790, by President Washington stated that immigrants to the United States had to be White according to the definition under the British Common Law, which the United States inherited. The Naturalization Act of 1870, passed during Reconstruction, allowed for peoples of African descent to become U.S. Citizens but it excluded other nonwhites. The population of Puerto Rico has been shaped by Amerindian settlement, European colonization especially under the Spanish Empire, slavery and economic migration. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. The Christian Denominational Breakdown was as follows in 2006:[31]. Puerto Ricans (Spanish: Puertorriqueños ; or boricuas) are the people of Puerto Rico , the inhabitants, and citizens of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (a United States territory), and their descendants. No major immigration wave occurred during the 20th century.[20]. The latest available figures put Puerto Rico’s population at 3,706,690. Puerto Ricans were granted in 1917 by the Jones Act, and by 1947 they were beginning to be allowed to self-govern. This survey was completed between October 2013 and February 2014. The negative growth rate of the population of Puerto Rico is expected to continue in the coming years as people continue to leave the country in substantial numbers and the birth rate remains low. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. Hurricane Maria in 2017 caused power outages over 90% of the area, in addition to destroying countless homes and causing widespread water contamination. The ratio of males to females is 1.06, meaning that there are slightly more males. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. They called the island Borikén (alternatively, Borinquén), which means "land of the valiant one" [5][4] and later Puerto Ricans called themselves boricua, borincano and borinqueño to embrace their indigenous identity. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Months after the destruction, roughly 40% were still living in these conditions due to lack of funding and aid. Of these, 2,270 were classified as "white" in the 1920 census (1,205 from Spain, 280 from Venezuela, 180 from Cuba, and 135 from the Dominican Republic). 56–191, 31 Stat. white. In the late 18th century, the number of African slaves began to dwindle on the island. The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. Update to date information about population of Puerto Rico in 2020. Many people do not realize that Muslims conquered Spain". The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. Although autosomal markers tests seem to draw a more broad picture than that of single, gender-based mtDNA and Y-Chromosome tests, the problem with autosomal DNA is in the archaic categories used: "European", "Sub-Saharan African", "East Asian" & "Native American". During the same 10-year period, 7,873 Puerto Ricans emigrated to the U.S. Of these, 6,561 were listed as "white" on the U.S mainland census, 909 as "Spanish white" and 403 as "black". Looking back, in the year of 1960, Puerto Rico had a population of 2.4 million people. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. )[34], The CIA World Factbook however, reports that 85% of the population of Puerto Rico identifies as Roman Catholic, while 15% identify as Protestant and Other. These generalized categories may not take into account the complexity of migratory patterns across the Old World. Christopher Columbus claimed the land that is now Puerto Rico as Spain's in 1493, and the Spanish began to settle the area roughly 15 years later. Starting in the post-World War II period waves of Puerto Ricans moved to the continental United States, particularly to New York City; Newark, Jersey City, Paterson, and Camden, New Jersey; Providence, Rhode Island; Springfield; Hartford and New Haven, Connecticut; Boston, Massachusetts; Orlando, Miami and Tampa, Florida; Philadelphia and Reading, Pennsylvania; Washington, D.C., Chicago and Los Angeles, California. The Spanish conquered the island, assuming government in 1508, colonized it, and assumed hegemony over the natives. All Topics Population Age and Sex Race and Hispanic Origin Population Characteristics Housing Families & Living Arrangements Computer and Internet Use Education Health Economy Transportation Income & Poverty Businesses Geography. Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3,193,694. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. 951. This puts Puerto Rico’s population among U.S. States and territories just between Utah and Idaho. Puerto Rico’s native Taíno population—whose hunter-gatherer ancestors settled the island more than 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived—called it Borinquén, and referred to themselves as boricua (a term that is still used today).During his second expedition to the Indies in 1493, Christopher Columbus returned several Taíno captives to Borinquén and claimed the island for Spain, calling it San Juan Bautista. [22], According to the 2015 Race and Hispanic Origin estimate (2011–2015 American Community Survey) published by the US Census Bureau, the data for Puerto Rico was as follows:[23], Puerto Ricans, on average, have genetic contributions from Europeans, West Africans, and Native Americans of approximately 66%, 18%, and 16%, respectively. Mitchell. Puerto Ricans, excluding those of obvious African ancestry, were like most Hispanics formally classified as White under U.S. Law, but this classification did not prevent informal discrimination against them by Anglo-Americans. Puerto Rico Community Survey;Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race. An impressive 94% of the people living in Puerto Rico reside in or around a major metropolitan area. In 1898, Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Paris and the US brought a civil government to the area and maintained strict control over the island. [40][41] There are eight Islamic mosques spread throughout the island, with most Muslims living in Río Piedras. Bonilla et al., Ancestral proportions and their association with skin pigmentation and bone mineral density in Puerto Rican women from New York City. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. Chart and table of Puerto Rico population from 1950 to 2020. In 2017 Puerto Rico was forced to declare bankruptcy after being unable to repay debts. All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, most of which are located at the town center or "plaza". Hum Gen (2004) 115: 57–58 Available at: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, National Register of Historic Places listings in Puerto Rico, "Puerto Rico Population History, 1765–2000", https://www.worldometers.info/world-population/, "Puerto Rico Virtual Jewish History Tour", "United Nations Statistics Division – Demographic and Social Statistics", "Vital Statistics Rapid Release - State and National Provisional Counts", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency", "Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substanial [sic] Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico Human Biology – Find Articles". Around A.D. 600, the Arawaks no longer lived on the island, perhaps because they had integrated with another culture or perhaps because they had been killed by illness. Officially Puerto Rico is a religiously free commonwealth, but the majority of its population are Roman Catholic with 85% of its people claiming the faith. The Paseo de Diego sits empty in San Juan, Puerto Rico, Wednesday, April 17, 2019. Puerto Rico is the only Caribbean island in which the Conservative, Reform and Orthodox Jewish movements are represented. Puerto Rican Citizenship was created under the Foraker Act, Pub.L. ), This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 21:41. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) other … [37] It was the first non-Roman Catholic Church in the entire Spanish Empire in the Americas. This is a decrease of -0.14 % (-5,239 people) compared to population of 3,663,846 the year before. The densely populated island of Puerto Rico is located in the Caribbean sea with a landscape of mountains, waterfalls and rainforest covering 3,515 square miles (9,104 square kilometers) of area, which would rank it 169th in the world in terms of size. The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. At the time of writing in 2014, the estimated population is 3.68 million. The total population of Puerto Rico is 3,195,153 as of 1-Jul-18 , which represents 0.04% of global population and ranks Puerto Rico # N/A worldwide. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,860,853. Puerto Rico. The two official languages in Puerto Rico are Spanish and English. ... Population with veteran status. The real estate and tourism industries are also very strong. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) The Act imposed immigration quotas on Europe, which allowed for easy immigration from Northern and Western Europe, but almost excluded the Mediterranean and Slavic Nations. The remaining population is a combination of people without religion, spiritual people that practice Santeria from Cuba, and Jews, and Muslims. 2006–2008 Three Year Estimate. [16], In the late 1700s, Puerto Rico had laws like the Regla del Sacar or Gracias al Sacar where a person of mixed ancestry could be considered legally white so long as they could prove that at least one person per generation in the last four generations had also been legally white. The current population of Puerto Rico is 2,831,765 as of Tuesday, November 17, 2020, based on Worldometer elaboration of the latest United Nations data. 12.4%. This continued even as Puerto Rico's economy improved and its birth rate declined. It is the third oldest European-founded capital city in the American continents right after Panama City and Santo Domingo. For example, the Holy Trinity Anglican church in Ponce, was prevented from ringing its bell until 1898, when American troops landed there. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of Puerto Rico declined from 3.34M to 3.2M, a -4.26% decrease and its median household income grew from $19,343 to $20,296, a 4.93% increase. Unemployment has been increasing as a result and many citizens are leaving the island for the US mainland in hope for better opportunities. 2019. The only category that remained constant over time was white, even as other racial labels shifted greatly—from "colored" to "Black", "mulatto" and "other". Puerto Rico's economic boom of the 1950s attracted a considerable number of Jewish families from the U.S. mainland, who were joined after 1959 by an influx of Jewish emigres from Fidel Castro's Cuba.[7]. black/African American. The first dioceses in the Americas, including that of Puerto Rico, were authorized by Pope Julius II in 1511. [42][43] Puerto Rican converts to Islam continue to occur. Many slaves also escaped to neighboring islands. The United States won control of Puerto Rico from Spain in 1898; the first U.S. census taken there, in 1910, counted more than 1.1 million residents. 2,712,166 people. [21], According to the 1920 Puerto Rico census, 2,505 individuals immigrated to Puerto Rico between 1910 and 1920. The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018. [28][failed verification], In a study done on Puerto Rican women (of all races) born on the island but living in New York by Carolina Bonilla, Mark D. Shriver and Esteban Parra in 2004, the ancestry proportions corresponding to the three parental populations were found to be 53.3±2.8% European, 29.1±2.3% West African, and 17.6±2.4% Native American based on autosomal ancestry informative markers. 75.8%. [32] This religion was brought by Spanish colonists. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook unless otherwise indicated. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. [47], Puerto Rico is also home to the largest Jewish community in the Caribbean with 3,000 Jewish inhabitants. Here, in order of Puerto Rican population, are the States with the 10 largest concentrations of Puerto Ricans. The legal definition of Whiteness differed greatly from White Society's informal definition, thus Jews, Romani Peoples, Middle Eastern Peoples and those of the Indian Subcontinent were before 1917 classified as White for Immigration purposes but not considered White by the society at large.
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